Art has undeniably affixed itself to our lives, entering into every part and it extends outside the walls of a gallery or museum. The 20th century was a time during which colossal shifts have taken place in so many different areas, from technology to literature and medicine to Arts in general. The arts of this century were characterized by socio-political reality and technological advancement from the late 19th century. It touched the traditional works of art and challenged the essence of postmodernism itself.
The 20th century recorded vibrant explorations of Expressionism, Cubism, Constructivism, Social Realism and other notable art movements. Every movement had its famous painters, ones that remain unbeatable as the ultimate creators of new ideas. Here is a list of top five most influential artists of the twentieth century whose work has deeply influenced the way we perceive art today.
CLAUDE MONET: Claude Monet impact was felt in the first quarter of the 20th century. He was born in the 19th century and died in 1926. Monet was one of the leading figures of the impressionist movement and his work was highly influential. Monet not only had an impact on other artists during the same period but he continues to influence students of art and artists to this very day. The “Impression, Sunrise” is one of his most celebrated artworks.
DAVID HOCKNEY: David Hockney impacted the world of Art during the second half of the 20th century and was an enormously significant figure of the 1960s pop-art movement. Hockney not only created paintings that are recognized as masterpieces internationally, but he also earned the respect of the Art world through his other artistic work like photography and set design.
JACKSON POLLOCK: Jackson Pollock was an American painter whose influence was felt in the first half of the 20th century. He used a never before seen technique of dripping paints across big canvases and this put him quickly on the map of the abstract world. Jackson Pollock remains one of the most important names of the abstract art genre. Although Jackson Pollock’s legacy holds to this day and is rock solid, his struggle with alcoholism was the cause of his untimely death. In 1944, the world was deprived of his genius.
ROY LICHTENSTEIN: Roy Lichtenstein’s artworks have become symbolic all through the 1960s pop-art movement. He is best known to have produced paintings that were hugely influenced by the world of comics. This is why Lichtenstein’s work has remained so popular and relevant until today. Lichtenstein’s paintings are rarely sold but when they do become available in the market they cost millions of dollars.
SALVADOR DALI: Salvador Dali is generally considered to be one of the leading figures of Surrealism. From the inception of his artistic voyage in mid 20th century in Spain, his talent was unquestionable and his skills in painting are still beyond the need for proof. Dali’s artworks were always quite appalling, one way or another, regarding their subject matter and they are full of symbolisms depicting them as something far beyond than the simple illustration of an odd scene.